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Why Trim Your Hair


You may not want to lose any length by trimming your hair, but it is very imporant that you do. According to Healthline, you get split ends when your hair becomes dry, brittle, and frayed (McDermott). 


Here are some of the causes of split ends:

  • Heat Damage
    • Blow drying -  The hot air will dry out your natural moisture and split the ends of the hair
    • Curling the hair - curling irons and other heat treatments can split the hair
    • Straightening - flat iron heat treatment or chemical straightening
  • Chemical Damage - excessive application of chemicals such as perms and hair coloring/bleaching may weaken the hair, causing it to be prone to split ends
  • Vigorous combing or brushing - Pulling the hair forcefully through tangled hair and repeated combing can split the hair
  • Extreme weather conditions - Split ends are more common in the winter time. Really cold weather will remove moisture from the hair, making it brittle and dry. Prolonged exposure to the sun can also cause split ends.
  • Shampooing - Excessive shampooing or using the wrong type of shampoo can make your hair rough and brittle

There is no remedy for split ends. So what is the best thing to do? The best thing you can do is, simply, cut the affected hairs. This will leave your hair looking healthy, attractive and will actually stimulate hair growth!


You and/or your stylist should know when to recognize when your hair needs a trim. So, let's look at the 16 different types of split ends....

  1. Traditional Split ​- ​The hair splits in two, resembling a "Y" shape
  2. Crinkle ​- ​Wrinkled split ends due to excessive heat or chemicals
  3. Triple ​- ​Separated into three pieces
  4. Feather ​Many different split ends along one side of the hair shaft, resembling a feather
  5. Tree ​- ​Many different pieces of the shaft coming apart, resembling a tree and branches
  6. Double Y ​- ​The hair separates into two, then splits again off one the branches
  7. Long ​Hair shaft starts to separate in a specific spot
  8. Deep ​​- ​The hair splits into two, and the "Y" is high on the shaft
  9. Baby ​- ​A soon to be split, in which the hair shaft hasn't completely separated yet
  10. Taper - The cuticle has started to peel away due to chemical damage
  11. Thickening - The ends are still in tact but the texture begins to change
  12. Right Angle - The hair begins to bend at an angle
  13. White Spots - Visible white spots in the hair shafts caused by severe chemical burns
  14. Offshoot ​- ​The hair thickens along the shaft and has bonded together again
  15. Knot ​- ​Occurs in curly hair, and leads to more tangles but doesn't split
  16. Incomplete Split ​- ​Hair weakens in a specific spot but hasn't split yet

If you do not cut these split ends, the hair will continue to split all the way up the hair shaft. The hair will suffer from damage and breakage. Damaged hair is also more prone to getting tangled and frizzy. So, trimming the hair will give it a smoother look. Here is what you can do to keep your ends looking healthy:


Trim Your Hair at least every 6 to 10 weeks - This will not stop hair from growing. According to BeautyGlimpse, a half an inch of trimming means 3 inches of hair growth in a year. Even if this is slow growth, you end up with longer strands and healthier hair. Also, the growth of every hair strand can vary. So, trimming will help keep the hair growth in tune to grow at the same rate.


Deep Conditioning Treatment - Deep conditioners contain hydrating and strengthening ingredients like Keratin, Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), and Argan Oil. Some deep conditioners to use are Aussie 3 Minute Miracle Moist Deep Conditioner, Hydration Elation Intensive Conditioner, Olive Oil Replenishing Conditioner, and Mielle Organics Babassu Oil and Mint Conditioner.


Hair Masks - Great for relaxed, chemically treated, colored, or damaged hair. The hair masks will help strengthen the hair. Some hair mask recipes include egg shampoo, shea butter, avocado, honey and olive oil. Products you can use are Shea Moisture Strength and Restore Treatment Masque, Morrocanoil Restorative Hair Mask, and Creme of Nature Moisture Replenish and Strengthening Mask.


Moisturizing Shampoo - You would want to use a sulfate free shampoo, since sulfates can dry the hair out. Some moisturizing ingredients are Argan oil, avocado, jojoba oil, and aloe vera. Some products to use are TGIN Moisture Rich Sulfate Free Shampoo, Pure Aloe Vera Shampoo, Moroccan Argan Oil Shampoo, and Design Essentials Almond and Avocado Sulfate Free Shampoo.


 So, remember to not over wash your hair, get your hair trimmed regularly, use heat protectant, limit services like coloring and relaxing the hair to avoid damage, and condition the hair after shampooing. This will keep your hair healthy, easier to style and manage!


References:

Anushakti. (2013). "Why it is important to trim your hair". https://www.beautyglimpse.com/why-it-is-important-to-trim-your-hair/

Das, Asha. (2014). "15 Simple Ways to Treat Split Ends in Winter. https://www.boldsky.com/beauty/hair-care/2014/15-ways-to-treat-split-ends-in-winter-058389.html

"The Right Hairstyles." (2016). https://therighthairstyles.com/split-ends-causes-treatment/

"Trichoptilosis" (2020) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichoptilosis

McDermott, Annette. (2017). "How to Conceal or Get Rid of Split Ends". https://www.healthline.com/health/how-to-get-rid-of-split-ends#TOC_TITLE_HDR_1